What You Should Know About the Piqua Shawnee Tribe
The Piqua Shawnee tribe's history has been marked with migrations in a bid to find new areas to settle and avoid conflict with colonists and other hostile Indian tribes. According to history, the Piqua Shawnee people originally came from what is now Kansas, Ohio, and Tennessee. However, there is evidence that the tribe may have moved from as far as New York due to hostilities with the colonists.
Shawnee Piqua Way of Life
The Shawnee tribe people at https://www.britannica.com/topic/Shawnee-people were both hunters and gatherers. The tribe lived a semi-nomadic life and this was reflected through their semi-permanent houses known as wetus. The houses were cone-shaped and made of birchbark frames covered by buffalo hides. The top of the wetus was held together by strips of tree barks and animal hide sheets.
The wetus were not very large and could only accommodate a few people. The typical wetu was 8 - 10 feet high and 10 - 15 feet wide at the base. The men were in charge of the household and protected the families from outside invaders.
The Shawnee were led by chief who had both a ceremonial and leadership role. The chief decided the direction the tribe should go during wars and other calamities such as diseases. The chiefs also received visitors from other tribes and formed alliances for the Shawnee tribe, with the blessing of a council of elders. Learn more about Shawnee tribes at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eastern_Shawnee_Tribe_of_Oklahoma.
For the most part, the Piqua Shawnee were a peaceful group. Their migrations were mainly done to escape wars and hostilities. However, the men were also the defendants of the community. During battle, they cut their hair short and wore face paint. The Shawnee also used a mix of traditional weapons such as spears, bows and arrows, and fought on horsebacks.
The elderly also played an important role in the Pique Shawnee way of life. They provided the chiefs with counsel, mostly regarding warfare. Some of the elderly were also prophets and medicine men. Finally, the elderly were also in charge of passing down the culture of the Shawnee to the next generation. This was done through regular traditional feasts that involved rituals and storytelling sessions.
Piqua Shawnee Population
The population of the first Piqua Shawnee tribe was about 10,000. Wars and diseases drastically reduced the population in the 1800s to about 3,500. In the last census, there were a total of 15,000 Piqua Shawnees living in the country.
The above is a brief history of the Piqua Shawnee tribe. Get more information here!